Robinson, Kim Stanley. "The Lucky Strike"
Divergence: 1945 CE
What if: The "Enola Gay" crashed on a practice flight.
Summary: The "Lucky Strike" is selected to bomb Hiroshima, but its bombardier is horrified by the power of the atomic bomb.
Comments: Analyzed in Mark McNally's "Exceptionalism, the Atomic Bomb, and U.S.-Japanese Relations".
Published: In Universe 14 (ed. Terry Carr), Doubleday 1984 and Tor 1986 (0812532716, 0812532724); The Best Science Fiction of the Year #14 (ed. Terry Carr), Gollancz 1985 (0575037148, 0575037474), v.t. Terry Carr's Best Science Fiction of the Year, Tor 1985 (0812532732, 0812532740); Nebula Awards 20: SFWA'S Choice for the Best Science Fiction and Fantasy of the Year 1984 (ed. George Zebrowski), HBJ 1985 (0151649278, 0156654776); The Year's Best Science Fiction, Second Annual Collection (ed. Gardner Dozois), Bluejay 1985 (0312944853, 0312944845); Alternative Histories: Eleven Stories of the World as It Might Have Been (eds. Charles G. Waugh and Martin H. Greenberg), q.v.; The Planet on the Table, Tor 1986 (0312935951), 1987 (0812552377, 0812552385), Orbit 1987 (0708882323); There Won't Be War (eds. Harry Harrison and Bruce McAllister), Tor 1991 (0712519418); The Norton Book of Science Fiction: North American Science Fiction, 1960-1990 (eds. Ursula K. LeGuin and Brian Attebery), Norton 1993 (0393034568); Remaking History and Other Stories, Tor/Orb 1994 (0312890125BUY); The Way It Wasn't: Great Science Fiction Stories of Alternate History (ed. Martin H. Greenberg), q.v.; The Best Alternate History Stories of the 20th Century (eds. Harry Turtledove and Martin H. Greenberg), q.v.; History Revisited: The Great Battles: Eminent Historians Take On the Great Works of Alternative History (eds. J. David Markham and Mike Resnick), q.v.; The Lucky Strike, plus…, PM Press 2009 (9781604860856); and The Mammoth Book of Alternate Histories (eds. Ian Watson and Ian Whates), q.v.
Original in: English.
Translation: French by Michel Demuth as "[[title unknown]]", in La planete sur la table, J'ai lu 1988.
Translation: German by Michael Nagula as "Der Flug de Lucky Strike", in Geschoepfe der Sonne, Bastei-Lübbe 1988 (3404241045); and Schöne verkehrte Welt: Phantastische Geschichten zur Geschichte (ed. René Oth), q.v.
Translation: German by Michael Windgassen as "Lucky Strike", in Hiroshima soll leben! Die schönsten Alternativwelt-Geschichten (ed. Karl Michael Armer), q.v.
Translation: Italian by Luisella Artabano as "Il Lucky Strike", in I mondi del possibile (ed. Piergiorgio Nicolazzini), q.v.
Translation: Japanese as "[[title unknown]]", in Hayakawa S-F #9.
Translation: Portuguese by Paula Reis as "The Lucky Strike", in Planeta sobre a Mesa, Caminho 1988.
Awards: Nominee: 1984 Nebula for best novelette. Nominee: 1985 Hugo for best novelette.

Robinson, Kim Stanley. "A Sensitive Dependence on Initial Conditions"
Comments: An essay on quantum physics and alternate history, with various possible outcomes of the bombing of Hiroshima described.
Published: In Interzone #49 (July 1991); Author's Choice Monthly #20, Pulphouse 1991; Remaking History, Tor 1991 (031285126X); Remaking History and Other Stories, Tor/Orb 1994 (0312890125BUY); and The Lucky Strike, plus…, PM Press 2009 (9781604860856).