Ferguson, Niall. "The Kaiser's European Union: What if Britain had 'stood aside' in August 1914?"
Divergence: 1914 CE
Summary: Primarily a discussion of the issues that drew England into World War I. Concludes with a brief discussion that if England had stayed out or if the BEF had reached France at a later date then Germany would have quickly finished France off and the war in the west would have been over. The German-dominated European economic union would not necessarily have been a bad thing for England, as it would not have been financially drained by a long war and would still retain firm control of its colonial Empire.
Comments: The author also briefly considers this theme in his conclusion to The Pity of War, q.v.
Published: In Virtual History: Alternatives and Counterfactuals (ed. Niall Ferguson), q.v.